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Infanticide

Psychosocial and Legal Perspectives on Mothers Who Kill

Edited by Margaret G. Spinelli, M.D.

  • ISBN 978-1-58562-097-5
  • Item #62097
Winner of the 2004 Manfred S. Guttmacher Award

Description

Maternal infanticide, or the murder of a child in its first year of life by its mother, elicits sorrow, anger, horror, and outrage. But the perpetrator is often a victim, too.

The editor of this revealing work asks us to reach beyond rage, stretch the limits of compassion, and enter the minds of mothers who kill their babies—with the hope that advancing the knowledge base and stimulating inquiry in this neglected area of maternal-infant research will save young lives.

Written to help remedy today's dearth of up-to-date, research-based literature, this unique volume brings together a multidisciplinary group of 17 experts—scholars, clinicians, researchers, clinical and forensic psychiatrists, pediatric psychoanalysts, attorneys, and an epidemiologist—who focus on the psychiatric perspective of this tragic cause of infant death.

This comprehensive, practical work is organized into four parts for easy reference:

  • Part I presents historical and epidemiological data, including a compelling discussion of the contrasting legal views of infanticide in the United States, United Kingdom, and other Western countries, a review of the latest statistics on maternal infanticide, and a discussion of the problems of underreporting and the lack of available documentation.
  • Part II covers the psychiatric, psychological, cultural, and biological underpinnings of infanticide, detailing how to identify, evaluate, and treat postpartum psychiatric disorders. The authors explore clinical diagnosis, symptom recognition, risk factors, biological precipitants, and alternative motives, such as cultural infanticide. Chapter 3, developed to assist the attorney or mental health professional in understanding the implications of postpartum psychiatric illness as they relate to infanticide, presents a sensitive and thorough inquiry into infanticidal ideation.
  • Part III focuses on contemporary legislation, criminal defenses, and disparate treatment in U.S. law and compares U.S. law with the U.K.'s model of probation and treatment. Chapter 8 is an especially useful resource for the attorney or expert psychiatric witness preparing for an infanticide/neonaticide case in the criminal court system.
  • Part IV discusses clinical experience with mothers as perpetrators and countertransference in therapy, the range of mother-infant interactions (from healthy to pathological), and methods of early intervention and prevention.

This balanced perspective on a highly emotional issue will find a wide audience among psychiatric and medical professionals (child, clinical, and forensic psychiatrists and psychologists; social workers; obstetricians/gynecologists and midwives; nurses; and pediatricians), legal professionals (judges, attorneys, law students), public health professionals, and interested laypersons.

Contents

Contributors
Introduction
Acknowledgments
Part I: Epidemiology and Historical Legal Statutes
Chapter 1. A Brief History of Infanticide and the Law
Chapter 2. Epidemiology of Infanticide
Part II: Biopsychosocial and Cultural Perspectives on Infanticide
Chapter 3. Postpartum Disorders: Phenomenology, Treatment Approaches, and Relationship to Infanticide
Chapter 4. Neurohormonal Aspects of Postpartum Depression and Psychosis
Chapter 5. Denial of Pregnancy
Chapter 6. Neonaticide: A Systematic Investigation of 17 Cases
Chapter 7. Culture, Scarcity, and Maternal Thinking
Part III: Contemporary Legislation
Chapter 8. Criminal Defense in Cases of Infanticide and Neonaticide
Chapter 9. Medical and Legal Dilemmas of Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders
Chapter 10. Infanticide in Britain
Part IV: Treatment and Prevention
Chapter 11. How Could Anyone Do That?: A Therapist’s Struggle With Countertransference
Chapter 12. The Mother-Infant Relationship: From Normality to Pathology
Chapter 13. The Promise of Saved Lives: Recognition, Prevention, and Rehabilitation
Index

About the Authors

Margaret G. Spinelli, M.D., is Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and Director of the Maternal Mental Health Program at New York State Psychiatric Institute in New York, New York.

Margaret Spinelli has gathered a group of experts to examine the subject of maternal infanticide from biologic, psychosocial, legal, and cultural perspectives. Her book handles the material sensitively, with an eye toward prevention. It also serves as a compendium of knowledge to aid mental health providers in diagnosing and treating psychiatric disorders related to infanticide, while assisting experts involved in the legal defense of women charged with the crime. . . . Because so many personal and societal taboos must be overcome in order to kill one's own child, this central question begs for an answer: What is it about the biological and psychosocial factors that lead these women to cross the boundary from violent impulse to action? In the end, however, this excellent book leaves the readers well equipped to ponder this question themselves.—Jennifer L. Kunst, Ph.D., The New England Journal of Medicine


[I]t is truly outstanding, a must read for clinicians in both psychiatry and obstetrics, as well as forensic psychiatrists, criminal defense attorneys, prosecutors, and judges. What sets this text apart is that it goes well beyond a discussion of the phenomenon of infanticide to formulation of plans of prevention and management for at-risk mothers and children, making this a useful resource for anyone involved in the mental health of mothers and their young children.—Keith A. Caruso, M.D., Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 8/1/2003


This new book is essential reading for any lawyer handling an infanticide case. This volume is the first book to cross the line between the mental health professional and the lawyer on this subject. It is easy for the lawyer to read, has loads of references for further research and most importantly lets you know who to contact to continue the educational process. Its hard to believe that a lawyer could be considered competent to handle one of these cases without the information in Dr. Spinelli's new book.—Michael G. Dowd, Criminal Defense Attorney

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